Over the past 15 years, SCW has been working on 15 projects in 8 provinces, in order to address the challenges faced by the Cambodian population, mainly
- Poverty & Effects of Climate Change: caused by unsustainable and insufficient access to natural resources
- Social Injustice: due to limited application of a rights-based-approach and participation from rights holders and duty bearers
Kratié is located in the north-east of Cambodia, around 290 km from Phnom Penh. In the south, it borders with Vietnam. The Mekong river flows from north to south through this province.
Kratié has a total population of around 340,000. It has one of the lowest population densities in Cambodia with 29 people/km2. Around 70% of people here live on or near the riverbanks along the Mekong.
The province is renowned for its biodiversity. Kratié is home to the rare Irrawaddy dolphins. The climate in the province is tropical – both warm and humid. The monsoon season enables the seeding of a large variety of crops.
Over 80% of Kratié’s population works in the agricultural sector. The most harvested products are rice, with agro-industry plantations such as rubber, cassava, cashew nuts and corn. Also mining for stone and gold is important in Kratié. Alongside from labour in the primary sector, eco-tourism is increasing in this province.
Around 70% of the population are literate in this province (Cambodia’s average is 77%). Kratié suffers from a shortage of midwives. Improving this could help reduce maternal mortality and child mortality under 5 years old.
Province Stung Treng is situated in the north of Cambodia. It borders on Laos and is around 400 km from Phnom Penh.
Approximately 117,500 people live here. The entire province is very thinly populated with 10 people / km2, making it the second lowest populated province of Cambodia.
Stung Treng has three major rivers flowing through the province – Mekong, Sekong and Sesan. This province is more mountainous and has more plateaus than other provinces.
Around 80% of the population is employed in the agricultural sector. Major crops include rice, mangos and cassava. The fishing industry is the highest of all inland provinces in Cambodia.
Due to poor access to health, child mortality and overall mortality are very high in this province. Stung Treng also falls below the national literacy average. In July 2018, a hydroelectric dam collapsed in neighbouring Laos, causing a severe flooding disaster in the entire area and impacting the livelihood of the people in this region.
Ratanakiri is situated in the far north-east of Cambodia, bordering Vietnam and Laos. Its biggest city Banlung is around 500 km away from Phnom Penh.
Approximately 140,000 people live in Ratanakiri. The entire province is very thinly populated with 14 people / km2. Of the 20 different ethnic minorities in Cambodia, eight live in Ratanakiri. A total of 75% of its total population belongs to these minority groups.
Ratanakiri is well known for Virachey National Park. The rivers Sesan and Srepok flow through this province. Biologists claim that Ratanakiri is one of the most biologically diverse areas of Southeast Asia.
Much of the labour of the indigenous residents is self-sufficient farming and related to forestry work. Most of the province’s agro industry is rice, cassava, cashew nuts and rubber. In the past years, ecotourism has been booming here.
Ratanakiri faces high risks from climate change. Additionally, this province has the poorest health related statistics in the whole of Cambodia: high child mortality, insufficient access to health facilities and lack of midwives. Also Ratanakiri has the highest rate of illiteracy, with nearly 40% of the population unable to read.